© Diego Mosquera 2019

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Aquí una pequeña lista de bibliografía de donde salió todo esto y alguna que es recomendable leer.


BASS, M.S., FINER, M., JENKINS, C.N., KREFT, H., CISNEROS, D.F., MCCRACKEN, S.F., PITMAN,  N.C.A., ENGLISH, P.H., SWING, K., VILLA, G., DI FIORE, A., VOIGT, C.C., KUNZ, T.H.. 2010. Global conservation significance of Ecuador’s Yasuní National Park. PloS ONE 5(1): e8767. 


BLAKE, J., MOSQUERA, D., GUERRA, J., ROMO, D., 2010. New locality records and the first photographs of living Echimys saturnus (dark tree rat, Echimyidae) from eastern Ecuador. Ecotropica 16: 141-144


BLAKE, J., MOSQUERA, D., GUERRA, J., LOISELLE, B., ROMO, D. & KELLY SWING, 2010. Mineral Licks as Diversity Hotspots in Lowland Forest of Eastern Ecuador Diversity 2011, 3, 217-234.


BLAKE, J., GUERRA, J., MOSQUERA, D., TORRES, R. & DAVID ROMO, 2010. Use of Mineral Licks by White-Bellied Spider Monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) and Red Howler Monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Eastern Ecuador International Journal of Primatology, 31:471–483.


BOWKETT , A. E., ROVERO, F. MARSHALL A.R., 2007 .The use of camera-trap data to model habitat use by antelope species in the Udzungwa Mountain forests, Tanzania, African Journal of Ecology. Journal compilation.


BURNHAM, K; WHITE; G; ANDERSON, D. 1995. Model Selection Strategy In The Analysis Of Capture Recapture Data. Biometrics 51(3):888-898


CARBONELL TORRES, FABRICIO & JAIRO GONZALEZ ZUÑIGA, 2000. Análisis Ecológico Para La Determinación Del Hábitat Actual Y Potencial Del Tapir (Tapirus Bairdii)  En El Parque Nacional Volcán Tenorio  Y Zona Protectora Miravalles, ACA-SIG-INBio


CHAUHAN, D. S., HARIHAR, A., GOYAL S. P., QURESHI, Q., LAL, P. AND MATHUR, V. B. (2005). Estimating leopard population using camera traps in Sariska Tiger Reserve. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun, India. Pp. 23.


CRAWSHAW, P. G. 1995. Comparative ecology of ocelot (Felis pardalis) and jaguar (Panthera onca) in a protected subtropical forest in Brazil and Argentina. PhD Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.


CAVALCANTI, S., GESE, E., 2009. Spatial ecology and social interactions of Jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southern pantanal, Brazil. Journal of Mammology 90(4):935–945


DI BITTETI, M.S., PAVIOLO, A., & C. DE ANGELO, 2006. Density, Habitat Use and Activity Patterns of Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis) in the Atlantic Forest of Misiones, Argentina. Journal of Zoology, 270. 153-163


DILLON, A., 2005. Ocelot Density And Home Range In Belize, Central America: Camera-Trapping And Radio Telemetry. MSc Dissertation Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University


DILLON, A. AND MARCELLA J. KELLY., 2007 Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in Belize: the impact of trap spacing and distance moved on density estimates Oryx, 41(4), 469–477


DILLON, A. AND MARCELLA J. KELLY, 2008. Ocelot home range, overlap and density: comparing radio telemetry with camera trapping. Journal of Zoology 275 (2008) 391–398


DOMINY, N. J. AND B. DUNCAN. 2001. GPS and GIS methods in an African rain forest: applications to tropical ecology and conservation. Conservation Ecology 5(2): 6. [online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss2/art6/


EMMONS, L. H. 1988. A field study of ocelots in Peru. Revue díEcologie de la Terra et la Vie 43:133-157.


EMMONS, L.H., & F. FEER. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide. Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.


GONZALEZ-MAYA, J.F. 2007. Densidad, uso de hábitat y presas del jaguar (Panthera onca) y el conflicto con humanos en la región de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Tesis. CATIE.


GONZÁLEZ-MAYA, J.; B.G. FINEGAN; J. SCHIPPER; F. CASANOVES. 2008. Densidad Absoluta Y Conservación Del Jaguar Y Sus Presas En La Región Talamanca Pacífico, Costa Rica . Serie Técnica No. 7: Apoyando los esfuerzos en el manejo y protección de la biodiversidad tropical. The Nature Conservancy. San José, Costa Rica. 49 pp.


HENSCHEL, P.; RAY, J. 2003. Leopards in African rainforests: Survey and monitoring techniques. New York, Wildlife Conservation Society, 50 p.


HEILBRUN, R.D., SILVY, N.J., PETERSON, N.J., TEWES, M.E. 2006. Estimating Bobcat Abundance Using Automatically Triggered Cámeras. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34:69-73.


JACKSON, VICTORIA L. 2002. Use Of Gis And Remote Sensing Technologies To Study Habitat Requirements Of Ocelots, Leopardus Pardalis, In South Texas. Dissertation University Of North Texas


KARANTH, K. U. 1995. Estimating tiger Panthera tigris populations from camera trap data using capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation 71:333– 338


KARANTH, K. U., AND J. D. NICHOLS. 1998. Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology 79:2852–2862.


KARANTH, K. U., AND J. D. NICHOLS, 2002. Monitoring tigers and their prey: A manual for researchers, managers and conservationists in Tropical Asia. Centre for Wildlife Studies. Bangalore, IN. 293 p.


KREMEN, C.,  LEES, D., RAZAFIMAHATRATA, V., Raharitsimba, H.  2001.  Designing a new national park in Madagascar: The use of biodiversity data.  Pp. 400-428  en W. Weber, L.J.T. White, A. Vedder, and L. Naughton-Treves, eds., African rain forest ecology and conservation. Yale University Press, New Haven. 


KELLY, M. J. 2001. Computer-aided photograph matching in studies using individual identification: an example from Serengeti cheetahs. Journal of Mammalogy 82:440–449.


MAFFEI, L., CUÉLLAR, E. & NOSS, A. 2002. Uso de trampas-cámara para la evaluación de mamíferos en el ecotono Chaco-Chiquitanía. Revista Boliviana de Ecología y Conservación Ambiental 11:55-65.


MAFFEI, L., CUELLAR, E., NOSS, A. 2004. One thousand jaguars (Panthera onca) in Bolivia’s Chaco? Camera trapping in the Kaa-Iya National Park. J. Zool. Lond. 262:195-304


MAFFEI, L., NOSS, A., CUELLAR, E., RUMIZ, D., 2005. Ocelot (Felis pardalis) population densities, activity, and ranging behavior in the dry forests of eastern Bolivia: data from camera trapping. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 21:1-6


MAFFEI, L., AND A.J. NOSS., 2007. How Small is too Small? Camera Trap Survey Areas and Density Estimates for Ocelots in the Bolivian Chaco. Biotropica.


MARTORELLO, D. A., T. H. EASON, AND M. R. PELTON.2001. A sighting technique using cameras to estimate population size of black bears. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29:560–567.


MCKENZIE, D.I., NICHOLS, J.D., ROYLE, J.A., POLLOCK, K.H., BAILEY, L.L. & J. HINES., 2006. Ocuppancy Estimation and Modeling: Inferring Patterns and Dynamics of Species Ocurrence. Elsevier Academic Press. 324 pp.


MICHALSKI, F. & CARLOS A. PERES, 2005. Anthropogenic determinants of primate and carnivore local extinctions in a fragmented forest landscape of southern Amazonia Biological Conservation 124 (2005) 383–396


MONROY-VILCHIS, O., ZARCO-GONZÁLEZ, M.M., RODRÍGUEZ-SOTO, C., SORIA-DÍAZ, L. & VICENTE URIOS, 2011 Fototrampeo De Mamíferos En La Sierra Nanchititla, México: Abundancia Relativa Y Patrón De Actividad. Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol. ISSN-0034-7744) Vol. 59 (1): 373-383.


NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION, Año desconocido. Ocelot, A Rare Cat.  Serie Keep The Wild Alive. NWF, Virginia.


NOSS, REED F., QUIGLEY, HOWARD B., HORNOCKER, MAURICE G., MERRIL, TROY & PAQUET, PAUL C., 1996. Conservation Biology and Carnivore Conservation in the Rocky Mountains. Conservation Biology, Vol 10. No 4. 949-963.


NOWELL, KRISTIN & PETER JACKSON, Editors, 1996. Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. UICN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. UICN


OTIS, D; BURNHAM, K; WHITE, G; ANDERSON, D. 1978. Statistical inference from capture data on closed animal populations. Wildlife Monographs 62: 1-135.


O’CONNELL, A., NICHOLS, J.D., KARANTH, K.U., 2011. Camera Traps in Animal Ecology. Methods and Analyses. Springer.


RABINOWITZ, A., & ZELLER, K.A., 2010. A Range-wide Model of Landscape Connectivity and Conservation for the Jaguar.  Biological Conservation, 143 (2010) 939-945


REXSTAD, E., BURNHAM, K. 1992. User’s Guide For Interactive Program CAPTURE. Abundance Estimation Of Closed Animal Populations. Colorado State University. Colorado, US. 30 p.


RIOS-UZEDA, B., GOMEZ, H., WALLACE, R., 2007.  A preliminary density estimate for Andean bear using camera-trapping methods. Ursus 18(1):124–128


RODRIGUEZ, F. & TJITTE DE VRIES, 1994. Área De Vida, Hábitos Alimenticios y Preferencias de Hábitat De Los Ocelotes (Felis Pardalis) En La Reserva De Producción Faunística Cuyabeno.  Revista De La Pontificia Universidad Católica Del Ecuador. Ano XXII, No. 58


SILVER, S., 2004. Estimando la Abundancia de Jaguares Mediante Trampas-Cámara. Wildlife Conservation Society.


SILVER, S., OSTRO, L., MARSH, L., MAFFEI, L., NOSS., A; KELLY, M., WALLACE, R., GOMEZ, H., AYALA, G. 2004. The use of camera traps for estimating jaguar (Panthera onca) abundance and density using capture/recapture analysis. Oryx 38(2):1-7


SANDERSON, J. 2005. Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring (TEAM) Iniciative: Camera Photo trapping monitoring protocol. Conservation International. Washington, US. 13 p.


SEQUIN, E. S., M. M. JAEGER, P. F. BRUSSARD, AND R. H. BARRETT. 2003. Wariness of coyotes to camera traps relative to social status and territory boundaries. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:2015–2025


SOISALO, M., CAVALCANTI, S. 2006. Estimating the density of a jaguar population in the Brazilian Pantanal using camera-traps and capture–recapture sampling in combination with GPS radiotelemetry. Biological Conservation 129: 487–496


STITH, B., KUMAR, N.S., 2002 Spatial distributions of tigers and prey: mapping and the use of GIS, en Monitoring tigers and their prey: A manual for researchers, managers and conservationists in Tropical Asia. Centre for Wildlife Studies. Bangalore, IN. 293 p.


SUNQUIST, M. E. AND F. C. SUNQUIST. 2002. Wild Cats of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 416 pp.


TIRIRA, DIEGO., 2007. Guía de Campo de los Mamíferos del Ecuador. Ediciones Murciélago Blanco. Publicación especial sobre los mamíferos del Ecuador 6. Quito. 576 pp.


TROLLE, M., KERRY, M., 2003. Estimation of Ocelot density in the pantanal using capture-recapture analysis of camera trapping data. Journal of Mammology. 84(2):607–614.


TROLLE, M., KERRY, M., 2005 Camera-trap study of ocelot and other secretive mammals in the northern Pantanal. Mammalia. 69 (3-4).


TROLLE, MOGENS, 2003. Mammal survey in the southeastern Pantanal, Brazil Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 823–836.


TROLLE, MOGENS, 2008. Brazilian Tapir Density in the Pantanal: A Comparison of Systematic Camera-Trapping and Line-Transect Surveys Biotropica 40(2): 211–217.


VILAS BOAS GOULART, F., GRAIPEL, M.E., TORTATO, M.A., ROHLING GHIZONI-JR, I., RODRIGUES OLIVEIRA-SANTOS, L.G., CÁCERES, N.C., 2009.  Ecology of the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in the Atlantic Forest of Southern Brazil. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 4(3):137-143.


VOGIATZAKIS, I. N., 2003. GIS-based Modelling and Ecology: A Review of Tools and Methods.  Geographical Paper No. 170. The University of Reading, Whiteknights.


WALLACE, R.B., GOMEZ, H., AYALA, G., ESPINOZA, F., 2003. Camera Trapping for Jaguar (Panthera onca) in the Tuichi Valley, Bolivia. Mastozoologia Neotropical 10(1):133-139


WEBER, W. & RABINOWITZ, A. 1996. A Global Perspective on Large Carnivore Conservation. Conservation Biology, Vol. 10, No 4., 1046-1054